A key enabler in helping the UK to achieve its ambitious target of a net-zero economy by 2050 will be the development of low-carbon alternative energy vectors to decarbonise hard-to-abate sectors, for instance, steel, cement and transport.
Hydrogen is one vector that has great potential due to its high energy content and low production of emissions. The increase in demand for hydrogen, which has a current production target of 10 gigawatts by 2030, will open up a vast number of opportunities for the supply chain as the UK seeks to shape a pathway to providing clean, secure and affordable energy and build momentum behind a net-zero future.
Commissioned by the UK’s Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), Wood and Optimat, an independent innovation and strategy consultancy, developed a report assessing the supply chain requirements for hydrogen production, transmission, distribution and storage and fuel cell manufacture between now and 2050.
By looking at the required development to support hydrogen production ambitions in 2030 and beyond, the report highlights attractive opportunities across the supply chain for multiple energy scenarios of the future.
Estimated costs, employment and gross value added (GVA) for each supply chain element have been calculated to identify high-value opportunities. In parallel, an assessment of UK capability across the hydrogen value chain, identifying both strengths and gaps/constraints, was also undertaken.
Some of the strengths identified included a wide range of UK manufacturers and stockists for equipment, materials and services primed to support growth in the hydrogen market. This capacity was largely due to experience in existing oil & gas, oil refining, petrochemicals, and power industries, where similar services and materials are deployed. The report also highlights significant export opportunities for UK manufacturers of tradeable goods and services.
In addition to the significant opportunities, the report identifies a number of constraints to supply chain development reflecting the embryonic nature, complexity and wide scope of the hydrogen supply chain. The report also highlights a lack of clarity and confidence in how the future supply chain will develop.
The report concludes that delivering a supportive environment is critical to overcoming the complexity and immaturity of the supply chain and optimising supply chain development and growth. Providing clarity in end-user market development priorities, to underpin market-driven supply chain growth, would support supply chain development and realise the opportunity of a hydrogen economy.
The output of the report led to a number of recommendations including for the UK government to continue to emphasise the importance of hydrogen as part of its Ten Point Plan and its potential to accelerate the energy transition.
Daniel Carter, Wood’s Vice President of Decarbonisation and New Energies said ‘The supply chain study led by Wood and Optimat has highlighted the tremendous opportunities that the development of a hydrogen economy could create across engineering, manufacturing and construction. But these won’t happen without investment in a structured plan. The onus is now on government and industry to work together to realise the full potential of the opportunity ahead.’